manifesta: (Dangerous)
manifesta ([personal profile] manifesta) wrote2010-01-15 04:01 pm

portrayals of women in romance & The Raven Prince

It is an unfortunate truth that I live in a wind tunnel. For some reason, Bellingham likes to show its worst side in the morning hours when I need to walk to class. The wind tunnel is a direct line from my apartment to campus. With little to no cover. My jeans are still hanging out to dry from the crazy wind and rain.

However, an hour after my last class, it became perfectly sunny out. I live in a city with a cheeky sense of humor.


Dry, warm, and armed with a caramel macchiato, I offer forth my analysis of The Raven Prince (with an introductory divergence into my reading habits).

I feel like I frequently purchase or choose to read books from specific subgenres (urban fantasy, paranormal romance, and historical romance in particular) in hopes of finding one that redeems the rest of the genre. Being a fantasy reader first and a romance reader second, urban fantasy and paranormal romance should be right up my alley. And in many ways, they are. Setting aside my dislike of repetitive tropes, I enjoy the fantasy aspects of most UF and PR. My main complaint tends to be the author's portrayal of women, using multiple boytoys or leather or guns to create the illusion of strength while still keeping them firmly tied down in the realm of acceptable femininity.  The most disturbing aspect of this is that the majority of these books are written by women for women.*

Historical romance is not only rife with strict gender roles and reduce women's worth to their sexuality, often times domestic violence is disguised as ecstacy, the laws of consent are bent until they're broken, and sexual assault is sugar-coated and justified. Given the fact that historically women are and have been oppressed by men and a system of male domination, I argue that it is inherent within any historical romance set prior to the 1970s that there will be rampant sexism.**

Which brings me back to every once in a while picking up another one of these types of books in hopes of finding something that isn't utterly appalling. I love history. To my chagrin, this is the first quarter that I've been able to take a history course since high school. And so it is a particularly awful quandry I've found myself in, wanting to immerse myself in a romance that takes place in a non-contemporary setting while also wanting the female characters to be written with respect.

There have been many women from history who we now describe as strong and empowered despite the times they lived in. These women persevered despite the oppression that surrounded them. Most didn't outright ignore their society's social norms but instead learned to adapt them. If they couldn't vote, they influenced their husbands'. If they could only wear skirts, they would wear trousers when in secret.  If they weren't allowed to fight in a war, hell, they disguised themselves as men and fought anyway.

It is because of this that I am convinced that historical romances can do better. I understand and respect the need for accuracy in historical romances, but accuracy is more than just correct fashions or dialogue--it is the little things, the details that differentiate a novel that depicts women in history as unknowing victims from a novel that illustrates women's strengths in the face of adversity.

Now. The Raven Prince

I picked it up on a whim over Christmas break and recently sat down to read it. It's a compelling, spicy tale of an impoverished widow who actively seeks a job (!!!) and becomes the resident Earl's secretary. Anna is snarky, inquisitive, and uncowed, even when dealing with Edward's temper. At one point, she questions the social construction of propriety:

"Had she ever met a prostitute? She thought not. such persons lived in a different world from poor country widows. A world that her community explicitly forbade from ever intersecting hers. She should do as John suggested and leave the poor woman. It was, after all, what everyone expected of her.

"John Coachman was offering his hand to help her up. Anna stared at the appendage. Had her life always been this constrained, her boundaries so narrow that at times it was like walking a tightrope? Was she nothing more than her position in society?

"No, she was not." (page 69)
Hoyt takes risks in writing The Raven Prince; Anna pushes more boundaries than I've ever seen in a historical. She toes the line between what is acceptable and what is not while still remaining, if somewhat precariously, on the side of societal respectability. She does not break so many rules that she becomes discredited as fringe or Other, but instead bends enough of them that she shines as a strong individual capable of asserting her opinion and taking care of herself.

This is what I mean when I say women in historical settings can and did adapt to their circumstances instead of merely conforming. This is what I mean when I say historical romances can do better.

There are flaws, of course. The constant reminder of how Anna is "feminine" and Edward "masculine" was overkill and unnecessary, explicit gender stereotyping. Edward himself was as decent a hero as I've seen, which the exception of an episode later in the book where he pinned her against a wall with his weight in a fit of rage. Believe it or not, this falls under the banner of domestic violence, and it is a prime example of how violence against women is frequently glorified as acceptable "because she deserved it" or passed off as sexual aggression in romance novels and our society at large. He didn't hurt her, but he damn well made sure she knew he could if he wanted to.

Additionally (MINOR SPOILER WARNING)  Anna was unable to have a child with her previous husband despite trying for years. This is a huge reason for the rift between Anna and Edward throughout the latter half of the book; he wants children, she can't give him any. In the end, Anna not only has one child with Edward, but is pregnant with another--obviously, of course, because of the Magic Man Seed that can impregnate a previously infertile woman when they are True Loves.

I also have a niggling feeling that Anna is only allowed to bend so many rules because she is a widow. I'd like to see a romance of a single, nonvirginal  single woman in a historical period that questions the structure of her society and then defies it. In many ways a single woman would have more to lose, and so I believe the risks taken would be greater and thus more compelling.

Overall The Raven Prince is my favorite historical romance that I've read by far, and I'm looking forward to the second book, The Leopard Prince.*** Hoyt did justice to Anna and wrote her as a strong, salient female character despite and within the confines of the era's social norms. 

*If history is any indication, romance novels tend to quite accurately reflect the reality of middle-class, heterosexual White women. Romances of the 50s-70s featured rape as the main form of initial intercourse between the hero and heroine; rape was used as a justification for the female character's sexual pleasure in a social climate where women were not supposed to want to have sex, let alone enjoy it. I would theorize that the sexualization of women in modern UF & PR is a reflection of an evolved but decidely insidious form of the same gender stereotypes from the 50s. Women are allowed to have sex and be sexual, but only if it takes place in the form of what men want; women are allowed to be strong, but only in ways men find acceptable. A woman is not allowed to stand strong on her own merit. This isn't to say, of course, that women shouldn't wear leather or pursue multiple sexual liasions--certainly. I am more concerned about the overall trend, and, no, I'm not convinced that the what-sells-is-replicated model is a good enough answer. I question why it sells.

**Not that there isn't sexism in contemporary romance, or any other genre for that matter. Our society was built on and perpetuates sexism, and until that system is revolutionized, even the most egalitarian novel will reflect that.

***The interspersion of the fairytale "The Raven Prince" was a charming detail, one I hope is repeated. 

[identity profile] 2010-01-19 04:29 pm (UTC)(link)
You know, reading your review of The Raven Prince reminds me strongly of the Gemma Doyle trilogy.

It's a YA Fantasy, if I recall, but it also has its merits in the historical department as well, being set at the end of the 1800s.

I tell you, it's *fantastic.* One of the major themes of the series is the coming of one into oneself, and awareness of who you are and what you crave of life.

(Also, the protagonist, Gemma Doyle, goes against so many of then-society's norms and conventions that I'd dare anyone to say she isn't a predecessor of feminists.)

It's one of my favorite book series of all time, right behind His Dark Materials and Harry Potter.

Read it, I tell you, READ IT.


(Anonymous) 2010-01-19 07:44 pm (UTC)(link)
I have read A Strange and Terrible Beauty! One of these days I'm going to read the next two. As for being a predecessor of feminists... hmmm. I'm definitely intrigued now. I may have to read Beauty again and find the next two.

lol, I remember reading your reviews! Who could ignore such recommendations? Haha.

(And as a side note, when you said Gemma Doyle, my first thought was The True Confessions of Charlotte Doyle by Avi, which was absolutely brilliant and fits in with the theme of strong historical heroines. Thank you for inadvertantly reminding me!)

(Anonymous) 2010-01-19 07:55 pm (UTC)(link)
Oops, that was me.


(Anonymous) 2010-01-22 02:58 am (UTC)(link)
Wow. Those are some extremely valid points.

I suppose my ignorance doesn't excuse me from the blame, either. I might as well be culpable for making the same erroneous mistakes concerning Indian culture as Libba Bray is. =/

As for the femininity issue: I'll admit that the manifestation of feministic concepts doesn’t seem to truly occur until the latter part of the series, towards the end of Book 2 and through the duration of Book 3 (if I recall correctly.) AGaTB is mainly concerned with planting the seed of it, with simply suggesting the idea of women with greater power and freedom, which in turn is used to tempt Gemma into the Realms and the use of its magic.

(But that still really doesn't excuse the race fail. Yay for authors who put the effort forth to avoid offending other cultures, eh? =/)

[identity profile] 2010-01-22 02:58 am (UTC)(link)
Dangit. That was me.
holyschist: Image of a medieval crocodile from Herodotus, eating a person, with the caption "om nom nom" (Default)

Here via the friending meme

[personal profile] holyschist 2010-03-20 07:32 pm (UTC)(link)
I feel like I frequently purchase or choose to read books from specific subgenres (urban fantasy, paranormal romance, and historical romance in particular) in hopes of finding one that redeems the rest of the genre.

Me, too! Especially with urban fantasy, since I am more of a fantasy reader than a romance reader and I just keep hoping.


(Anonymous) 2011-04-15 02:29 am (UTC)(link)
THX that's a great aswner!